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Вікторина. How do you know the history of London?

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We love London. It’s big and noisy and full of people. It is one of the most amazing and wonderful cities in the world. It’s not just one city, but lots of cities in one. It’s a historical city, a royal city, fashionable city and a great city to explore.


1. When was England conquered ?

A. 2000 years ago. B. 1,5000 years ago C. 1,800 years ago

Almost 2,000 years ago, the invading armies of Ancient Rome landed on the south-east coast of Britain and started to make their way north. They intended to conquer Ancient Britain and make it part of the Roman Empire. They came to a wide, deep river. They couldn’t cross it and they couldn’t go around it. They followed the river until they found a spot where the ground was firm . Here they stopped but built a bridge and a settlement.


2. How did the Ancient Romans call London?

A. London City B. Londinium C. Roman Land

They called the settlement Londinium – today, it is known as London. The Thames divides the city into two parts. The River Thames is the longest river in England.


3. How long is the River Thames?

A. 428 km. B. 338 km. C. 385 km.

It flows 338 kilometres from to the North Sea.


4. What is the main danger for London nowadays?

A. earthquakes B. floods C. tourists

Every now and then the Thames would flood and parts of London would be covered in water. After a bad flood in 1953, people began to look for a way to control water levels. It took some time to find the answer, but in 1982 the Thames Barrier was opened. When its gates are raised they form a steel wall more than half a kilometre long, right across the Thames, stopping the flood water from reaching London.

City Limits

When the Romans built Londinium it was a lot smaller than it is today and they put a wall around it. This walled area was known as the City of London, and it still has that name today. The City has its own laws, its own police force, its own Lord Mayor, and governs itself separately from the rest of London.
The City was always the centre of business and money in London and this has not changed.


5. What is another name of the City?

A. a Square Mile B. London Wall C. London Eye

It covered an area about 1 square (2.6 square km) that is why the City is sometimes also called “the Square Mile”.

On Sunday 2 September 1666, a fire started in a baker’s shop in Pudding Lane near London Bridge. By morning the flames had reached the riverfront and were spreading fast. The fire lasted for four days. When it finally ended , more than three-quarters of the City was in ruins, including St Paul’s Cathedral.


6. How is called a stone tower as a reminder about the Great Fire?

A.The Tower B.The monument C.The Column

A few years later,a stone tower called the Monument was built, where the fire started..

The dome of St.Paul’s Cathedral is one of London’s most familiar and well-loved sights. The previous cathedral was destroyed in the Great Fire. The cathedral you see today was designed by the famous London architect, Sir Christopher Wren (who is buried there). It took 35 years to complete and was finally finished in 1710.


7. What is the name of the Gallery inside of St Paul`s dome?

A. the silent Gallery B. the Whispering Gallery C. the Crying Gallery

The Whispering Gallery is a famous walkway around the inside of St Paul`s dome. Its name comes from the fact that a whisper spoken against the wall on one side of the dome can be heard on the opposite side.
Lots of famous people are buried in St.Paul’s, including the great seaman Admiral Nelson. Nelson died in a battle. His body was put in a coffin and soaked in…


8. What was Nelson`s body soaked in to preserve it?

A. brandy B. milk C. wine

It was soaked in brandy.

The most famous Mayor of London is Dick Whittington. He was a cloth merchant, who was mayor at least three times between 1397 and 1419. According to legend, Dick was a penniless boy who came to London to make his fortune- which he did.


9. What animal helped Dick in his adventures?

A. his dog B. his monkey C. his cat

After many adventures he was helped by his cat. A memorial stone to Whittington and his cat sits on Highgate Hill, where Dick is supposed to have heard the City`s bells telling him he would be the Mayor of London three times.

London Rules!

London is the place from which the government rules the country . It is also the official home of the Queen ; in the days when kings and his royal court were . The advisers stayed at the Palace of Westminster and this is where the government and its advisers still meet today , although it is now better known as the Houses of Parliament.


10. How many parts are there in the Houses of Parliament ?

A. 1 B. 3 C. 2

The Houses of Parliament are actually divided into three parts . The House of Common is where the elected Members of Parliament meet. The House of Lords is a second debating chamber. Its members are mostly people who have been awarded a title in recognition of their work the country. And lastly, there are the royal ceremonial rooms: the Robing Room and the Royal Gallery.


11. Who opens a new parliamentary year?

A. the Queen B. the Prime Minister C. the Chair man

Each year in November or the Queen opens a new parliamentary(year) in a ceremony known as the State Opening Parliament. The Queen arrives at Parliament in a royal coach. In the Robbing Room,she put on the state robes and royal crown before entering the House of Lords,where she sits on the throne.The Queen’s Messenger, goes to the House of Commons where he knocks three times on the doos to invite MPs to the Lord’s Chamber.Afterwards,the Queen reads a speech to both Houses of Parliament.
No king or queen has been inside the House of Commons since Charles -I tried to arrest five of its members in 1642!

Big Ben

One of most famous bits of the House of Parliament is the Clock Tower.The Tower is more than 100 meters high and has 334 steps leading to his top.


12. What is called Big Ben?

1. the clock 2. the tower 3. the bell

The four-sided clock at the top of the Tower is sometimes called “Big Ben”,but this is really the name of the bell inside the Tower.Big Ben(the bell)is over 2 meters tall and strikes every quarter of an hour.

Downing Street is the street where the Prime Minister lives and works.


13. What is the number of Downing Street, the street where the British Prime Minister works ?

A. 20 B. 10 C. 21

Number 10 Downing Street has been used by Britain”s Prime Minister since 1732.It only became used as the Prime Minister’s home after 1902.

That is all for today. We hope that in our next Quizz Show you will know more about London.


Веприцький Михайло Юрійович , вчитель англійської мови ,Харківська Гімназія № 12


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