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The political system of Great Britain

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Тема: Political system of Great Britain
Практичні: Активізувати лексичні навички з теми. Активізувати граматичні навички ( Present Simple, Passive Voice, Modal Verbs), фонетичні навички. Практикувати навички усного монологічного та діалогічного мовлення, читання, письма, аудіювання.
Розвивальні: розвивати логічне мислення, кругозір, уяву, cпостережливість, пам’ять, увагу.
Виховні: виховувати любов і повагу до іноземної мови, шанувати традиції та звичаї іншомовної держави, навички культурного спілкування.
Тип уроку: комбінований, інтерактивний.
Обладнання: проектор, презентації учнів, відео фільм «Margaret Thatcher. The biography of the Iron Lady», фломастери, папір, магнітна дошка.
Хід уроку
I.Організаційний момент:
T: Good morning dear pupils. I am glad to see you. Today we are going to discuss the political system of Great Britain and to do some interesting tasks connected with this topic.
ІІ. Основна частина уроку:
1. Phonetic drills.
T: First of all let’s remember the English proverb about policy and do the phonetic exercises, pay attention to the sounds IoI and IeI.
1 слайд: Honesty is the best policy.
It will be our motto today. You will be honest and hard-working at the lesson.
2. Warming – up
- What is the full name of Great Britain?
- What kind of political system is in the United Kingdom?
- Who is the head of the state?
- Who is the present sovereign?
- When was she crowned?
- What is her residence?
- Laws are made by the queen, are not they?
- What does British Parliament consist of?
- What do you know about the House of Lords?
- What is the function of the House of Commons?
- Who is the Prime Minister of Great Britain?
3. Matching
T: There are many politicians and great people who like to speak about politics. Look at the screen, you can see some quotations of famous people, your task is to match the beginning and the end of these statements. Write only the number and the letter of the right answers.
2 слайд
1If you don’ t do politics a) that we are all live under the influence of politics.
2 Half a truth is better b) politics and theatricals.
3 When you look at our world the truth is c) ask what you can do for your country.
4 There is a thin line between d) than no politics.
5 For every action there is an equal e) and opposite government problems.
6 A society grows great f) when old men plant trees whose shade they know shall never sit in.
7 Ask not what your country can do for you g) politics will do you.
Keys: 1-g, 2-d, 3-a, 4-b, 5-e, 6-f, 7-c
T: Look at these quotations, what statements you like more and why. Comment the quotation, using the words of expressing the opinion. You can see these words on the screen.
3 cлайд
The words of expressing the opinion
I can suggest ……
From my point of view ……
To my mind …..
In my opinion ……
It seems to me……
I think……..
I suppose……
I believe…….
I consider……
I agree……..
I am sure……..
Personally I…..
As far as I am concerned……
As far as I know………
4 Speaking
T: All politicians take part in the elections; on the screen you can see some cartoons connected with the elections. Try to comment on them also using the words of expressing the opinion.
4 слайд:
Cartoons connected with the elections.
5 Listening – Writing- Reading- Speaking
Pre - Listening
There are many famous politicians in Great Britain who influence the history not only of the United Kingdom but the whole world.
- What great politicians of Great Britain do you know? – Margaret Thatcher, Sir Winston Leopard Spencer Churchill, Admiral Nelson, Tony Blair, David Cameron.
One of the most outstanding people in the politics of Great Britain is Margaret Thatcher. She said « I love argument. I do not expect anyone just to sit there and agree with me, that is not their job». Thatcher was the first female Prime Minister not only in Great Britain, but in Europe. Now watch a documentary film «Margaret Thatcher. The biography of the Iron Lady». Your task is to watch and to understand the material, noting the facts of her biography.
After-Listening Activities
T: I suppose you have understood the details of this film. Look at the screen. You can see the statements, put down true or false, according to the film.
5 слайд:
True or false
1 Margaret Thatcher was born on the 13 –th of October, 1925.
2 Her father was a philosopher.
3 She graduated from Cambridge University.
4 She earned a Master of Chemist degree from the University in 1950 and worked as a chemist.
5Her desire was to be a politician.
6 Firstly, Margaret ran unsuccessfully for the Parliament as a member of the Liberal Party.
7Then she tried to take the place in the House of Lords.
8 She married Denis Thatcher, a director of the paint firm and they had three children.
9On her second attempt in 1959 Thatcher won a seat in the British Parliament.
10 She served as a parliamentary secretary to the Ministry of Pensions, then as a secretary of state for education and science.
11She had very popular reforms in the department of education.
12 She became the Prime Minister and unemployment and the number of poor people increased.
13 Americans called her « the Iron Lady».
14 During her third term Margaret Thatcher continued « the revolution» in education, health care and private control. She raised the industry.
Keys: 1 +, 2-, 3-, 4 +, 5+, 6-, 7-, 8-, 9+, 10+, 11-, 12-, 13 +, 14+.
6 Speaking Role – play.( The interview with a historian).
T: You have known much information about Margaret Thatcher. Imagine, that a pupil 1 is a journalist; a pupil 2 is a historian, who is interested in the biography of Margaret Thatcher. Make the interview to get as much information as you can, using Past Simple Tense.
Pupil 1 = pupil 2
7 Debates.
Writing – Reading- Speaking
T: All politicians take part in the elections. Let’s imagine, that you are the candidates of two main British political parties Conservatives and Liberals. You can run for Parliament and become MP ( Member of Parliament). You are opponents. First of all, you should be divided into two groups. I have a special box, take a card from it in turn and we will see what party you belong to. (All pupils in turn take one of two cards «Conservatives» or «Liberals» in such way they are divided into two groups and take their places around two tables). T: Take your seats. Your task is to write the program of your party how to improve the life of people in your country. Make the list of the suggestions, using linking words, also make 5 questions for your opponents, you have five minutes.
6 слайд
Linking words
Firstly / First of all
The following point is
After that
As well as
Apart from
In addition to
All in all
T: Time is over. The leaders of the parties come here and read in turn your programs.
P1: Dear ladies and gentlemen, So let me open the debate….
P2: My honourable friends, I am grateful for your attention…
The questions from the team to their opponents.
Pupil 1 = pupil 2
According to the speech of the leaders and their skills to take part in debates, support of the team, voters determine the winner.
Pupil 1 = pupil 2
8 Monologue. Presentation.
T: Let’s imagine, that you have won the elections. Now you are the members of British Parliament, you know the structure and political system of Great Britain. We are going to listen to a speech and presentation of your representative.( P1 is at the blackboard with his presentation).
The political system of Great Britain
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. It means that there is a Queen (or King) and the Parliament. It is also a parliamentary democracy. It is a country whose government is controlled by a parliament which has been elected by people. The Queen has almost no power in the country. Her powers are limited by the Parliament. Laws are made by the Parliament. The Queen is only a formal ruler: she reigns but does not rule. In fact everything that she does is done on the active of her ministers, who are responsible for the royal acts. Thus, most of her functions are symbolic. The United Kingdom is governed by Her majesty's Government in the name of the Queen. But the Queen has all information, has the right to encourage and the right to warn. The Queen's residence in London is Buckingham Palace. Besides, she has some homes in England and Scotland. The monarch serves formally as head of state. But the monarch is expected to be politically neutral and should not make political decisions. The present sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II. She was crowned in Westminster Abbey in 1953.The British Parliament consists of two cambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The British Parliament works in a large building called the House of Parliament the Palace of Westminster. There are more than 1200 members in the House of Lords. Many seats are hereditary. It is presided by the Lord Chancellor. The House of Lords has no real power. It acts rather as an advisory council. The House of Commons has 635 members. They are elected by a general election (secret ballot). The functions of the House of Commons are legislation and scrutiny of government activities. The House of Commons is presided over by the Speaker. The Speaker is appointed by the Government. Any member of the House of Commons may introduce a Bill and ask permission to bring it to the House for the first reading. After the third time reading the Bill goes to the House of Lords. If the Lords agree to a Bill, it will be placed before the Queen for signature. Only then it becomes law. Parliament is responsible for British national policy. The government is headed by the Prime Minister, who is the leader of the party that has won the election. He has an official London house, it is at number 10, Downing Street. The Prime Minister selects the other Ministers, men or women, whom he wishes to take charge of the chief government departments and to do other government work. About sixty Members of Parliament are required for these special offices. Most of the ministers are chosen from the House of Commons, but a few must be in the House of Lords. Prime Minister himself often takes charge of one of the departments. He is, by tradition, First Lord of Treasury, the department which deals with the money collected and spent by the Government. In Great Britain there are three main political parties: the Conservatives, the Labour Party and the Liberals. Britain does not have a written constitution, but a set of laws. Parliament is the most important authority in Britain. Technically Parliament is made up of three parts: the Monarch, the House of Lords; and the House of Commons. In reality the House of Commons is the only one of the three which has true power.
III Підведення підсумків уроку:
Our lesson is over. Let’s sum up.
- What have we done at the lesson?
- What have we known?
- What have you enjoyed?
- What can you say about your work and the work of your classmates?
(Pupils in turn form their impressions according to the lesson)
T: Today we have known much about the political system of Great Britain and about elections. Your homework is to read a text about elections in the United Kingdom ex.14, page 108 and to write a composition, using a quotation «Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country». You have worked brilliantly! All of you are clever.


Федоренко Юлія Олександрівна, вчитель англійськоїмови


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